Read the Sexual Victimization of College Women, 2000 study sponsored by the U.S. Department of Justice here.
Read the database of campus rapes reported to the U.S. Department of Education here.
HUNTINGTON, W.Va. -- Sara figured her rape was an open-and-shut case.
She said police had a videotape of a man bringing her to his dorm room in Marshall University's South Freshman Hall after a night of partying.
They had another videotape of her and the man in a pharmacy the next day, where he bought her a Plan B birth control pill.
She gave them an audio recording of the man admitting to Sara that he'd had sex with her while she was in his bed.
On the recording, the man told her that he had only one drink that night, that he was sober, and that he knew what he did was wrong.
He told her, "I let my emotions get a hold of me" and "I made the decision to do this, whether you begged me or not," according to tape.
"It seemed pretty foolproof to me," Sara, now a junior at Marshall, said in a Gazette-Mail interview last week. "He completely admitted to what he had done."
The Gazette-Mail agreed to conceal Sara's real name, and the name of her alleged attacker for this report.
Campus police never pressed charges against the man. Sara and her father spent months trying to track down the Marshall police chief, university officials and representatives from the Cabell County prosecutor's office for updates on the case, or explanations as to why the evidence was not sufficient to convict.
Rarely reported, rarely prosecuted
Usually, that's the standard for college rape victims across the country, said Angela Rose, founder of Promoting Awareness Victim Empowerment, a national nonprofit that provides support for rape victims.
"What a travesty of justice," Rose said when she learned of Sara's situation. "Unfortunately, cases like this aren't rare."
Less than 5 percent of rape victims report the crime to the police, according to a 2000 study sponsored by the U.S. Department of Justice. Usually, the reasons for not reporting the crime range from the victims not wanting their friends and family to find out about the incident, to fearing police apathy or even hostility when they do make a report, according to the study.
Few of those rape victims receive much attention from the campus law enforcement agencies that are supposed to protect them, Rose said. In most instances, if universities do not ignore the rape completely, they keep the case within the school's disciplinary system and silence the victim with gag orders or other procedures that allow them to neatly sweep it under the rug, she said.
"There are some cases where [accused rapists] go through the system and are brought to justice," she said, "but that is extremely rare."
Rape on college campuses isn't so rare, however.
The same Department of Justice study found that about 35.3 out of every 1,000 women enrolled in a university may be the victims of rape or attempted rape in a given academic year. If that's the case, a school the size of Marshall, with an estimated 8,265 female students, could have as many as 292 rapes, or attempted rapes a year.
'I trusted him'
Sara and a few of her friends were throwing back shots in her dorm room one January night in 2009.
She noticed that one of the friends in her room that night, a man who had pursued her since high school, was not drinking. The Gazette-Mail contacted the man, but he refused to be interviewed for this story.
Sara, who weighs less than 120-pounds, blacked-out some time after drinking her sixth shot of vodka. The man apparently told the others at the party that he was going to take her down to his room and let her sleep in his roommate's bed.
The next morning, Sara, wearing only her bra and panties, woke up in the man's bed. He had taken her shirt and pants off and thrown them on the floor, she said.
He told her that they'd had sex, and asked if she was on birth control, Sara said.
They went to a local pharmacy, where the man bought her a Plan B birth control pill.
"I guess my first priority was to make sure that he hadn't gotten me pregnant," she said.
She tried to forget about the incident, but couldn't. She had trouble sleeping. Twice, she went to the hospital with an anxiety attack.
Sara and the man had gone to the same high school in Kanawha County. He'd asked her out several times, but she'd always refused. Once, he held up a sign while he was in the stands during a high school football game. It read, "Sara, will you go out with me?" in big letters.
"We were great friends," she said. "I trusted him. But he wasn't a Christian, so he wasn't dateable in my mind."
The hidden recorder
A week after the rape, she hid a voice recorder in her backpack and went to talk to the man in his dorm room.
The man told Sara that he thought she had sobered up after he brought her back to his room the night of the incident. She'd repeatedly begged him to have sex with her, the man said on the tape.
"You said so many things that I never thought you could say," the man said on the tape. "I guess one thing led to another and you kept telling me you wanted to have sex with me and I said, 'No, no, no.'"
On the tape, Sara said several times that she did not remember anything from the time she'd had her last shot of vodka to when she woke up nearly naked the next morning. She was not sexually active at the time, she said, and would have never asked for him to have sex with her.
She pointed out that the man knew she was drunk enough to need someone to take care of her. That's why the man brought her to his room in the first place, she said.