In 2008, more than 2,200 jobs, through direct, indirect and induced economic activity, were created because of Marcellus Shale drillings in the state, according to a report by the National Energy Technology Laboratory, part of the U.S. Department of Energy's national laboratory system.
Direct impacts are the initial, immediate economic activities (jobs and income) generated by Marcellus Shale drillings. Indirect impacts are the production, employment and income changes occurring in other businesses and industries in the community that supply inputs to the project industry.
Finally, induced impacts are the effects of spending by the households in the local economy as the result of direct and indirect effects from an economic activity. The induced effects arise when employees spend their new income in the community, according to the NETL report.
By 2020, the report projects West Virginia to have an additional 17,000 jobs. But those numbers may be outdated. Last week, federal analysts slashed their estimate of Marcellus Shale from 410 trillion cubic feet of natural gas to 141 trillion cubic feet, citing better information that emerges as drilling operations in the region continue.
Charleston Area Alliance CEO Matthew Ballard agrees with Roberts that restaurants and hotels near Marcellus drilling sites will benefit. Other businesses, including geologists who estimate the distance of the Marcellus and the Petra Chemical Company, are among the many who will be positively affected because of these drillings, Ballard said.
"This is a huge boom for West Virginia. You can already see the impacts throughout the state. Not just the exploration and extraction of the gas but other people benefit as well," Ballard said.
Ted Boettner, executive director of the West Virginia Center on Budget & Policy, said how much the Mountain State benefits from the drillings depends on how well the state prepares for the future.
Without a doubt, law firms are going to do really well with the Marcellus boom, Boettner said, but the boom is by no means something new. The investment of Marcellus has been happening for about four years, he said. In that time, companies that are drilling the wells have been doing as much as they can before it is actually regulated, he said. Thinking ahead is key.
"It all depends on how well we avoid a race to the bottom -- regulation quality of life, adequate taxation, creating a permanent trust fund similar to others in natural resource states -- and how well we benefit from the Marcellus Shale development," Boettner said.
"How we benefit depends on how well we prepare for the future, how well we use this great source of strategic wealth to diversify our economy to enhance higher education and to grow downstream businesses. We do not want to repeat the past [like what happened] with coal. We want to ensure that this booms benefits everybody."
Just about everyone involved in the processing facilities, pipeline companies and construction of Marcellus Shale drilling sites are benefiting, but the issue is where those employers are coming from, said Steve White, director of the Affiliated Construction Trades Foundation. While hotels and campgrounds are full, many of them are not from West Virginia, he said.
Local workers "are willing and able and needing the work all over the state. Frankly it's upsetting to see these job opportunities go to folks from other parts of the country," White said. "Many local businesses are frustrated at being unable to get those bidding opportunities in their own backyard. I represent 20,000 workers, many of them who have the skills that they need.
"While there are some great activity and positives about the potential [of Marcellus drillings], I don't think West Virginia is getting the full opportunities that they could and need."
Reach Megan Workman at megan.work...@wvgazette.com or 304-348-5113.