MORGANTOWN, W.Va. -- One of the world's foremost experts on mine safety - from gold mines in Chile to the coal mines of Southern West Virginia - stands accused by a NASA fraud investigator of conspiring with the Catholic college where he now works to use millions of federal grant dollars for personal gain and the school's benefit.
The allegations are contained in an affidavit that an agent in the NASA Office of Inspector General used to obtain search warrants in an active criminal investigation of former U.S. Mine Safety and Health Administration director J. Davitt McAteer, and his alma mater and current employer, Wheeling Jesuit University.
Court records show investigators believe McAteer and the school fraudulently billed expenses to federal grant programs or cooperative agreements from 2005 through 2011.
The sworn affidavit by an agent who works out of the Goddard Space Center in Greenbelt, Md., said those expenses range from McAteer's salary -- which surged from $130,300 in 2006 to $230,659 by 2008 -- to cellphones, computers, technical support and salaries for other staff members, including a secretary in McAteer's law office in Shepherdstown.
McAteer is an internationally known expert on mine safety who was selected by former West Virginia governor and current U.S. Sen. Joe Manchin to oversee investigations of three coal mine disasters since 2006. The Sago Mine explosion trapped and killed 12 men in January 2006, while the Alma No. 1 mine fire weeks later killed two more. McAteer also issued the first report on the 2010 Upper Big Branch Mine explosion, which killed 29 miners.
The reports he authored are now among the evidence that federal investigators are studying. Among the search warrant requests were "any and all documents" relating to work done on those three reports, including financial documents, travel expense, time cards and interview notes.
McAteer has been a media commentator on cases ranging from the successful rescue of 33 Chilean gold and copper miners trapped underground for nearly 70 days in 2010 to the tragedy at Utah's Crandall Canyon Mine. That 2007 collapse killed six miners. Another cave-in 10 days later killed two rescuers and a federal inspector.
In examining five NASA grants, the agent found the duties and salaries of individuals "did not, in any way, benefit the substantive work being done on the federal award projects."
"The motive for [McAteer's] actions is evidenced by the substantial sum of money [Wheeling Jesuit] improperly received," the agent concluded.
The university might have been complicit in five possible federal crimes: theft of federal funds; major fraud; conspiracy; false claims; and wire fraud, the document said.
McAteer's attorney, Stephen Jory, did not return a message seeking comment. University spokeswoman Michelle Rejonis said late Friday that she had not seen the document and would not comment.
"With regard to the investigation, we continue to cooperate with federal authorities," Rejonis said. "Because the investigation is still ongoing, any further comment would be speculative."
The investigation has been underway since May 2010 and involves the U.S. Department of Labor's Office of Inspector General, the Office of Labor, Racketeering and Fraud Investigations, and the National Science Foundation's Office of Inspector General, according to the affidavit.
The document also suggested there's evidence that MSHA -- the agency McAteer ran from 1992 to 2000 -- also was defrauded. Among the titles McAteer has held at Wheeling Jesuit was director of the school's Coal Impoundment Project, designed to inform the public of locations of massive coal waste dams.