"It not unusual for a blast to go off. You can hear it and feel it in our home," Frazier said. "But that was the loudest blast I've ever heard with the most dust and the most vibration."
Frazier and other residents along the Mount Alpha Road area turned out in 2005 to oppose a permit for the mine's operation, saying they were concerned about blasting, noise, dust and other problems.
Since then, Frazier said the operation and the blasting has gotten closer to his house.
DEP officials installed a seismograph in Frazier's front yard based on the proximity to the Kingston Mine late last year. He said DEP inspectors showed up Wednesday morning to download a seismic reading. They drove straight to the mine after reading the report, he said.
Vande Linde said a blast of this size is not especially unusual in a coal-mining community.
"I don't see how this was any different than any other [coal-mining blast] out there," he said. "It's not an uncommon thing."
Michael Hohn, state geologist and director of the West Virginia Geological Survey, said Tuesday's blast was not big enough to register seismic waves at the station in Morgantown. Large mine blasts, he said, sometimes register as seismic activity and geologists then work to distinguish them from an actual earthquake.
Coalfield residents frequently complain about blasting, and government officials often downplay those complaints.
The U.S. Office of Surface Mining concluded a decade ago, for example, that additional regulations on blasting were not needed, despite the growth of the practice as mountaintop removal mines got larger.
More recently, government scientists have been examining whether predicate matter deposited in coal-mining communities from blasting could be part of the explanation for increased risk of illnesses found among residents living near mountaintop removal mines.