The lawsuits differ in some areas. In Byer's case, the lawsuit alleges that the doctor stopped the abortion after seven minutes because she was crying and did not complete the procedure. Gravely's lawsuit alleges that Stephens did not use ultrasound to guide him in the procedure.
Byer alleges that she was promised anesthesia through an IV but never given any. Gravely's lawsuit says she was given "twilight sedation" but never lost consciousness. Gravely also asserts that she was "physically restrained" so the abortion could continue against her will.
A lawyer defending Stephens, the physician for the West Virginia clinic, has denied the allegations against his client.
"The center contests the allegations in the complaint and is prepared to defend against them," Tamela White, Stephens' attorney, said in an email to the Gazette-Mail.
Stephens has settled seven malpractice lawsuits since 1970, according to the West Virginia Board of Medicine's website. Two others were dismissed. The board has not disciplined Stephens.
The Alliance Defending Freedom, an anti-abortion advocacy group based in Scottsdale, Ariz., lists Romero and Dys, who are representing the women as "allied attorneys." The Alliance is assisting the attorneys with the lawsuit.
Reached Thursday afternoon, a representative of the ADF declined to comment on the matter, saying the Colorado case is set for trial in June before District Court in El Paso County.
Citing a court-issued protective order, Romero said he could not comment on the matter.
Anti-abortion advocates in West Virginia are pushing for regulations that abortion rights advocates have argued are meant to restrict access to abortion.
Attorney General Patrick Morrisey is reviewing the state's regulations for abortion clinics. Morrisey recently accepted public comments on the matter.
Reach Lori Kersey at lori.ker...@wvgazette.com or 304-348-1240.
CORRECTION: An earlier version of this story misstated the time period during which Stephens had malpractice lawsuits filed against him.