On Friday, Sen. Robert C. Byrd, D-W.Va., questioned why the administration had not previously asked Congress for additional funding to deal with the pattern of violations "resource limitations."
"If there are resource limitations inhibiting mine safety enforcement, I am anxious to know why the Labor Department had not asked for additional funds, or utilized its reprogramming and transfer authorities," Byrd said. Byrd noted that MSHA has a week to respond to the Inspector General's report, and that he hoped the agency's response "would provide the necessarily clarity."
In large part because of Byrd's efforts, MSHA's budget for coal enforcement has increased by 36 percent since 12 miners died in the Sago Mine Disaster in January 2006. Funding acquired by Byrd has helped MSHA hire more than 400 new inspectors, in response to Gazette-Mail findings in 2007 that the agency was not completing required quarterly inspections at underground coal mines.
MSHA's pattern of violations program has come under increasing scrutiny since 29 miners died in the massive April 5 explosion at Massey Energy's Upper Big Branch Mine.
Under this program, mines with a history of serious safety problems are kicked into a tougher enforcement bracket. Each time an additional serious citation is issued, that part of the mine is closed. Mines can have the pattern of violations designation lifted only if they go an entire quarterly inspection without a serious violation.
After the disaster, MSHA officials complained publicly that they had been unable to put Upper Big Branch on a pattern of violations order because the company had aggressively appealed citations, delaying final enforcement decisions required by the agency's internal pattern of violations guidelines.
But a few days later, top MSHA officials revealed that Upper Big Branch had actually avoided the pattern of violations system because a "computer programming error" had missed eight final enforcement orders that would have constituted the basis for such an action.
So far, MSHA chief Joe Main and his staff have refused requests for interviews about the Inspector General's findings about the pattern of violations program.
@tag:Reach Ken Ward Jr. at kw...@wvgazette.com or 304-348-1702.