Division of Environmental Protection officials are working to fix those record-keeping problems.
The Courier-Journal found that 57 of those 367 permits proposed fish and wildlife habitat as a post-mining land use. Ninety-four proposed forestland, which is also not allowed under federal law.
For 74 Kentucky permits, no post-mining land use was listed.
Bill Caylor, vice president of the Kentucky Coal Association, told the newspaper that mountaintop-removal mines improve otherwise useless land.
"They talk about creating a wasteland with mountaintop removal," Caylor said. "I argue that it was a wasteland before. All you could use it for before was forestland.
"If I owned a mountain in east Kentucky, I would insist that they use that mining method to leave me land that I could use."
The article also reported that U.S. Environmental Protection Agency officials have started investigating the loss of streams to valley fill waste piles at Kentucky's mountaintop-removal mines.
Previously, coal industry officials complained that the EPA was holding up mine permits in West Virginia because of valley fill concerns, but doing nothing about valley fills in neighboring states.
On Wednesday, OSM officials declined to offer much reaction to the Courier-Journal article.
Margy White, chief of staff for OSM Director Kathy Karpan, said only that the agency plans a study of mountaintop removal in Kentucky similar to one performed this year in West Virginia. Results of the West Virginia study have not been released.
White declined to respond to questions about why OSM allowed dozens of improper permits to be issued in Kentucky.
"We are engaged in the proper procedure for how we conduct oversight," White said. "That is where we are and that is all we have to say."
Rank said she hopes OSM stops talking and studying mountaintop removal and takes some action to fix the problems.
"I certainly hope they do more than look at the problems," she said. "I think we should stop this for a while so the agencies can figure out what to do."