Mining task force calls for reforms
Coal operators must greatly reduce the damage mountaintop removal strip mining does to West Virginia's mountains, streams and coalfield communities, members of a gubernatorial task force have concluded.
The coal industry must also follow through on legal requirements to develop land flattened by mountaintop removal so nearby communities will have jobs and economic development once the coal is gone, task force members found.
Three committees of a task force appointed by Gov. Cecil Underwood reported their preliminary findings to the entire body during a meeting Tuesday night.
Many environmentalists and industry critics discounted the task force months ago because so many members have close ties to the coal industry.
Committee reports made clear the task force members don't want to abolish mountaintop removal. All three reports noted that mining is the major economic force in some southern counties.
"West Virginia should maintain its longstanding commitment to provide energy to the nation and also protect its reputation as a reliable supplier of competitive, high-quality coals," one committee report said.
But draft reports released Tuesday painted a shockingly negative picture of what task force members found mountaintop removal is doing to the state's hills and hollows and, most importantly, its people.
"If mountaintop removal is to continue, the state owes a duty to regulate its impacts on the people of the state," said state Sen. Lloyd Jackson, D-Lincoln, who chaired a committee on mining impacts on communities.
Larry George, a former top state environmental regulator who chaired a committee on economic matters, said the issue has been ignored for far too long.
"Everyone was looking the other way," said George, a Charleston lawyer who now represents coal companies. "Whether you are a federal agency, the state regulators or the political establishment, the issue has been neglected for over a decade."
In its written draft report, George's panel stated, "The committee has found that the need for far greater utility of surface mined lands, the applicable federal law and also public opinion, albeit divided, compels significant reforms in mountaintop removal mining.
"The footprint and environmental impacts of these mining methods should be reduced," the draft report said. "A zealous commitment must be made to post-mining land uses which provide economic and social benefits to the citizens of the coalfields."
Jackson's committee report stated, "To whom much is given, much will be required. With every level of privilege comes an equally high level of responsibility.
"If the coal industry, and those benefiting from the extraction of mineral resources, are allowed the short-term privilege of exploiting our state's wealth through mining practices which impact a large group of people - some in a very negative way - and through practices which will extract significant portions of the remaining reserves, then with that privilege must come the responsibility of helping address the long-term needs of the people impacted by the activity," it said.
Task force Chairman Wade Gilley, the president of Marshall University, said a public hearing on the draft reports will be held at 6 p.m. Tuesday at the Marshall Graduate College in South Charleston.
A final task force meeting, to approve the group's complete report to the governor, is scheduled for Dec. 2.
Copies of the draft reports are scheduled to be posted within the next two days on the task force's Web site (http://www.marshall
Among the highlights of the three committee reports:
- The economic committee recommended that coal operators no longer be allowed to receive mountaintop removal permits that propose post-mining land uses of fish and wildlife habitat.
Committee members agreed that fish and wildlife does not provide the type of development required to receive a mountaintop removal permit. They recommended that more mine sites be reforested, and that state regulators require more strict planning of post-mining commercial and industrial development.
- The committee on community impact recommended the state Division of Environmental Protection form a new office to address the effects of mountaintop removal on nearby residents.
Under the committee recommendation, DEP would have to study and weigh these effects, and require additional steps to minimize them, when issuing permits. The committee also recommended that lawmakers approve a measure to make it easier for residents to hold coal companies responsible for property damage believed to be caused by blasting.
- The environmental committee recommended the governor ask the Legislature to repeal a bill which allows coal companies to avoid compensating the state for streams buried under strip mine waste piles.
- The economic committee recommended Underwood ask the Legislature to consider next year whether mountaintop removal should be allowed at all.
"The fundamental political, social and economic values manifested in any expansion or limitation of surface mining are properly and exclusively the province of the legislative branch," the draft committee report said.
"The West Virginia Legislature should consider whether these public values compel restrictions upon the degree of alteration in natural landscape and environment," it said.