Spokeswoman Nancy Gravatt said overseas demand for metallurgical coal mined underground surged in 2011 but "greatly receded'' last year. Job creation also slowed as prices plummeted and layoffs began.
Kentucky alone lost 4,028 coal mining jobs last year, she said.
The Obama administration had nothing to do with the favorable export situation, she added.
"And if the sponsors of this `analysis' have their way, it's doubtful coal would be exported at all,'' she said.
Appalachian Voices, however, said that in the longer term, the number of coal jobs has grown in Central Appalachia -- from 28,552 in 2000 to 33,029 last year, and despite a 44 percent drop in production.
West Virginia remains the No. 2 producer, behind Wyoming, and leads the nation in coal jobs.
Employment under the Obama administration has averaged 22,626, Appalachian Voices said, compared with 17,976 during the eight years under Bush.
Kentucky is the nation's third-leading coal producer and second in employment. Appalachian Voices says its employment has averaged 17,168 under Obama, compared with 15,826 under Bush despite a consistent, 12-year decline in production.
The trend held true in Virginia, where jobs averaged 4,943 between 2009 and 2012, and were slightly lower under Bush at 4,851. Total coal production there last year was the lowest since MSHA started keeping records in 1983.
Tennessee, however, averaged 508 coal mining jobs the last four years, compared with 565 under Bush.
Appalachian Voices said its recoverable reserves are running out, leading to a 50 percent drop in production between 2008 and 2012. Industry there is shifting toward surface mining.