Federal regulators concluded at the time that a reservoir of natural gas below the Upper Big Branch Mine might easily be released into the active mining operation. They recommended a series of steps to try to prevent such incidents, or at least to control them, hopefully preventing an explosion or fire.
It is not clear what, if any, of those recommendations Massey followed or what actions MSHA took to force the company's hand. The 2003 and 2004 incidents occurred during the mining of previous sections of the mine with Massey's longwall machine, but investigators are concerned the same natural gas reservoir issues could be linked to the April 5 explosion.
Last week, MSHA removed one agency staffer from a team reviewing MSHA actions at Upper Big Branch because he was the agency's acting district manager in Southern West Virginia when the earlier incidents were investigated.
In its statement Tuesday, Massey alleged that the crack and the previous incidents back up its contention that MSHA wrongly ordered ventilation changes the company said reduced fresh-air flow to the longwall section of Upper Big Branch.
MSHA's recommendations following the 2003 and 2004 incidents had included increasing airflow to that part of the mine.
But the MSHA reports also recommended drilling boreholes into the mine to release methane trapped below the floor -- a strategy that Massey CEO Don Blankenship had rejected as inappropriate for Upper Big Branch.
Longtime mine safety advocate Davitt McAteer, who is conducting an independent probe of the disaster for Gov. Joe Manchin, said investigators will need to measure the crack and damaged floor and take samples to see if the explosion might have occurred in the area.
McAteer said teams already underground were not able to do that because they are not part of the investigation staff, and were instead supposed to be focused on checking the mine for fires and dangerous gases.
"There are lots of facts and they all need to be investigated, and they all will be investigated," McAteer said.
McAteer criticized Massey for selectively releasing information, noting that the company didn't issue a news release when MSHA made public information that showed three weeks before the disaster, Massey had not properly rock-dusted Upper Big Branch to control the buildup of explosive coal dust.
"Selective release of information doesn't help," McAteer said. "It has to be taken with a grain of salt until there is an independent review of it."
Reach Ken Ward Jr. at kw...@wvgazette.com or 304-348-1702.