Sen. Truman Chafin, a prominent trial lawyer, was the only member of the Senate to vote against the bill.
"I don't think nursing homes should ever be covered under the MPLA,'' Chafin said. "They're not doctors."
The West Virginia Association for Justice, a group representing plaintiffs' lawyers, called the bill unnecessary.
"Nursing homes are already identified as medical providers under West Virginia's existing Medical Professional Liability Act," said Scott Blass, the group's president. "This is an attempt by nursing homes to try to further limit their liability when their patients are harmed."
Wednesday was the second consecutive day that the Senate passed a bill limiting the power of injured parties to sue. On Tuesday, the Senate passed a bill that limits the ability of all trespassers to sue property owners if they are injured.