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RESEARCH: On chronic disease and obesity

 

 

Where can I find information about health risks of overweight and obesity?

* National Heart Lung and Blood Institute:  the Health Risks of Overweight and Obesity. http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/obe/risks.html

* Centers for Disease Control: http://www.cdc.gov/chronicdisease/resources/publications/AAG/obesity.htm 

* National Institute of Digestive and Kidney diseases: health risks of being overweight http://win.niddk.nih.gov/publications/health_risks.htm#type2

* The effect of high weight on asthma.

http://esciencenews.com/articles/2008/05/01/obesity.worsens.impact.asthma

http://www.healthnewswebsite.com/asthma/asthma_causes.html

* Obesity linked to sleep apnea http://171.66.122.149/cgi/content/full/159/5/1527

* Obesity leads to heart disease, even if you aren't diabetic http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/02/110214201844.htm

* Obesity linked to Alzheimers. http://www.webmd.com/alzheimers/guide/20061101/obesity-alzheimers-risk

* Obesity associated with asthma: http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/12/081212153208.htm,  http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/589838

* Obesity linked to arthritis: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/judith-j-wurtman-phd/arthritis-weight-loss_b_893384.html , http://www.cdc.gov/arthritis/data_statistics/arthritis_related_stats.htm#4

* Joint pain and arthritis associated with obesity: http://www.hopkins-arthritis.org/patient-corner/disease-management/osteoandweight.html

 

What does research tell us?

* Your social network has a powerful effect on your health. People who become obese tend to influence their friends to become obese. People who lose weight influence friends to lose weight. http://health.msn.com/health-topics/articlepage.aspx?cp-documentid=100244056

 http://www.nytimes.com/2007/07/25/health/25iht-fat.4.6830240.html

* Students who are overweight, but aerobically fit did better on standardized tests than students who were healthy weight, but not fit. http://www.nature.com/oby/journal/v15/n12/abs/oby2007377a.html  

* Obesity increases the risk of early death, according to a review of 57 studies involving almost a million people. http://www.abc.net.au/health/minutes/stories/2009/06/29/2609692.htm

* People who are obese and smoke die considerably younger. http://annals.ba0.biz/content/138/1/24.full.pdf html. Plain-English summary:

http://annals.ba0.biz/content/138/1/I-44.full.pdf html?sid=802ca3ed-10c4-446e-b686-2b0bca706924

* Obesity is a heart disease killer, with or without diabetes. http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/02/110214201844.htm

* Physical activity reduces cancer risk: National Cancer Institute. http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/factsheet/prevention/physicalactivity

* Obesity is a worldwide problem. Why are we ahead? http://economix.blogs.nytimes.com/2010/09/23/the-world-is-fat http://www.economist.com/blogs/dailychart/2011/02/daily_chart_global_obesity

* Americans live longer, but obese people spend fewer of those years in good health: http://care.diabetesjournals.org/content/suppl/2011/10/11/34.10.2225.DC2/News_Release.pdf Plain-English summary: http://www.annals.org/content/154/10/I-28.full.pdf

* Belly fat doubles death risk: http://healthland.time.com/2010/08/09/belly-fat-linked-to-increased-death-risk-no-matter-what-your-weight/

* Premature death http://www.abc.net.au/health/minutes/stories/2009/06/29/2609692.htm

* Women who do not smoke, who exercise, eat a healthy diet, and have a low BMI are 92 percent less likely to die of sudden heart attack then women who smoked, did not exercise and did not eat a healthy diet, according to a 26-year study involving 82,000 women. http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/07/110705183622.htm

 

What does research tell us about diabetes prevention?

* Moderate exercise for 30 minutes a day, plus seven percent weight loss reduces diabetes risk by 58%. http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJM200105033441801 

* Residents of distressed Appalachian counties diagnosed with diabetes two to three years earlier than people nationwide are.  Marshall University. Population Health Metrics. http://www.pophealthmetrics.com/content/pdf/1478-7954-9-54.pdf

* Residents in distressed Appalachian counties have a 33 percent higher odds of reporting diabetes than residents of non-distressed Appalachian counties.  www.cdc.gov.pcd/issues/2010/sep/09_0203.htm

* Very overweight men were nearly three times more likely to get pre-diabetes or diabetes than those of normal weight, according to a 40-year study. Very overweight unfit men were almost six times more likely to get diabetes compared to men who were both normal weight and fit. http://care.diabetesjournals.org/content/32/2/257.

* Major diabetes research gold mine: http://www.human.cornell.edu/pam/people/upload/jhc_obesity.pdf

 

* A 2008 study in the journal Obesity predicted that 86 percent of U.S. adults will be overweight or obese by 2030 if current trends continue. And last October the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimated that the prevalence of diabetes among American adults could rise from the current 1 in 10 to as many as 1 in 3 by 2050.

* Depression soars among obese seniors http://www.livescience.com/13391-obese-senior-adults-depression-rates.html

* Patients can help each other lower blood sugar. Patients were paired and encouraged to talk weekly by telephone After 6 months, blood sugar levels in the paired group were .6% lower than levels of the unaired group, the same average decrease that occurs when patients receive an oral drug that lowers blood sugar level.

http://www.annals.org/content/153/8/I-54.full.pdf

* "15 Minutes of Fitness a Day Can Add 3 Years to Your Life:"

http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/44153048/ns/health-fitness/# - Fifteen minutes of moderate exercise each day can add 3 years to life expectancy.  Even half of the 30 minute per day/5 days per week regimen is very beneficial. 

* Healthy eating  can improve the impact achieved by medicines. Participants who received nutrition counseling had improved glucose control and weight and waist measurements, while those who did not get nutrition counseling had few improvements.  http://www.bmj.com/content/341/bmj.c33377

Childhood obesity research:

* By 2035, there will be an additional 100,000 cases of coronary heart disease if the trend in adolescent obesity is not stopped. http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMsa073166

* Childhood obesity and a diabetes epidemic. http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJM200203143461112

* Children's life expectancy being cut short by obesity.  The New England Journal of Medicine 2005. http://www.nytimes.com/2005/03/17/health/17obese.html

* Overweight Kids often become obese, unhealthy adults  http://health.usnews.com/usnews/health/healthday/071205/overweight-kids-often-become-obese-unhealthy-adults.htm   This study also links obesity to cardio disease.

Same study: http://health.usnews.com/usnews/health/healthday/071205/overweight-kids-often-become-obese-unhealthy-adults.htm

* Childhood obesity linked to adult cardiovascular and variety of chronic illness: http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/11/101119120845.htm http://www.liebertonline.com/doi/abs/10.1089/chi.2010.0504

* "Overweight children at increased risk of cardiovascular disease"

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2006/10/061004151440.htm

* A mother's diet may be linked to her child's later obesity, according to an April 2011 peer-reviewed article in the journal Diabetes.

http://www.nhs.uk/news/2011/04April/Pages/pregnancy-diet-and-child-obesity.aspx

* Obese kids were 65 percent more likely to be bullied than peers of normal weight. http://www.cnn.com/2010/HEALTH/05/03/obesity.bullying/index.html; 

http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2010/05/03/peds.2009-0774.full.pdf html

 

* Reports blame food marketing. The Atlantic Monthly: http://www.theatlantic.com/life/archive/2011/10/several-new-reports-on-obesity-place-blame-on-food-marketing/246123

* If kids watch a lot of TV -- and they have a TV set in their bedrooms -- they are at high risk of becoming obese. American Academy of Pediatrics: http://www.foodpolitics.com/wp-content/uploads/TV_Kids_Pediatrics_11.pdf

* http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/02/100209095753.htm Children and TV!

* targeted marketing of foods and beverages contributes to the obesity crisis, especially among minority children and adolescents.  American University. http://www.foodpolitics.com/wp-content/uploads/KogodNowCoverStory.pdf

 

Obesity information:

* 2010 stats with beating heart map: http://www.cdc.gov/obesity/data/trends.html

* NHANES page: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/hestat/obesity_child_07_08/obesity_child_07_08.pdf

* Seven-part PBS series on worldwide obesity: http://www.unnaturalcauses.org/ 

* CDC childhood obesity updated information: http://www.cdc.gov/obesity/childhood/problem.html

* Robert Wood Johnson Center to Prevent childhood Obesity: http://www.reversechildhoodobesity.org

* Weight-Control Information Network:  NIDDDKD.  Excellent definitions and basic info. http://win.niddk.nih.gov/statistics/#what

Diabetes information:

* Do you have Type 2 diabetes? Slide show MedicineNet = shows long-term damage risk http://www.medicinenet.com/type_2_diabetes_pictures_slideshow/article.htm

* What diabetes can do to your body   http://www.cdphe.state.co.us/pp/diabetes/body.html 

* "Diabetes in the Young: the evolving epidemic: = countLimit){ $('#articleParagraph p').each(function(i,e){ if (i+1 == halfCount){ $(this).before('

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