Ringling's "training" tools are a terrifying combination of ropes, chains, bull hooks, electric shock prods, maternal deprivation and corporal punishment. Animals only "perform" because of punishment or threat of more punishment. They remember the pain inflicted upon them.
During "training," baby elephants are bound by ropes and wrestled by several adult men into confusing and physically difficult positions, they scream, cry and struggle as they are stretched out, slammed to the ground, gorged with bull hooks and shocked with electric prods.
Twenty-nine elephants have died at the hand of Ringling since 1992.
The average lifespan of an elephant in the wild is 70 years or more; in captivity, it's 17 to 20 years.
Ringling is raising endangered Asian elephants in socially deprived and cruel conditions that cause them to become dysfunctional, unhealthy, depressed and aggressive; this is contrary to everything known about elephant biology.
In the wild, elephants nurse their babies until 5 years of age, and the babies are raised in a nurturing environment where they are protected, comforted, taught to cope with life and reassured, but never punished. Daughters stay with their mothers for life and sons until 10 to 15 years of age.
Baby elephants are taken from their mothers at an early age by the circus trainers and forced to be tied down on concrete floors in a barn for up to 23 hours a day - to "break" them. Even dogs aren't allowed to be treated like this.
Elephants are famed for their intelligence, their memory, sensitivity and complex family structures, but at Ringling they are beaten, whipped and their spirits are broken.
Numerous lame elephants currently touring with Ringling are being forced to perform despite their painful ailments.
Many countries, localities and cities have banned animal acts. More information about cruelty to circus animals is available from PETA and PAWS (Performing Arts Welfare Society) websites.
Read the story, not just the headline
Many people form opinions by reading only the headlines, which often are crafted to be sensational, not from details of the story where understanding can be found.
This type of "reading" lowers our collective intelligence. They remain uninformed about the story's true meaning. Then they vote.