According to the U.S. Constitution (Article VI), the Geneva Convention's Article III and Rule 154 and the Uniform Code of Military Justice our civil/military personnel have a legal obligation to disobey the law. In summary, one has a right, duty, requirement or obligation to disobey an order or directive that one considers unlawful or in direct violation of the constitution. This is necessary because the "right to disobey" is a higher moral duty; this vigilance is what keeps us humane, sane and free. The absence of this was particularly horrific at the Nuremberg trials where Nazi war criminals pleaded innocent to mass genocide because they were just "carrying out orders."
Refusal of the law is part of a sheriff's duty. Sheriffs have specifically taken an oath to uphold our constitution. That includes disobeying any laws, decrees, edicts, rulings that override and tear down the constitution. They protect the public by enforcing the laws and also by refusing to enforce laws that would harm the public. Were the sheriffs to follow an unlawful order of the president that would make them an unlawful federal militia without jurisdiction. Ironically, were they to follow the "law" in carrying out an unlawful executive order, the sheriffs would be breaking the law that they are sworn to uphold. In other words, the president has put them in a catch-22; they would break the law either way they go. Sheriffs may be leery of a sitting president who views our constitution, Congress and courts as nothing but bothersome, antiquated institutions that seem to get in his way.
Von Albert Ehman
Give parents options on Pre-K education
I read Dawn Miller's column on the governor's address on education. Of course, I am a proponent of quality early education. I also agree that parents are the child's first and most important teacher. With that said, I hope the intentions for West Virginia Pre-K is to continue to give parents a choice of the type of Pre-K that best facilitates their child's learning. Some parents prefer a half-day pre-K experience because one parent has elected to stay home, but they would like a part-day experience for their preschooler for the socialization and the academic skills that are offered. These parents also value the educational experiences that enrich their child's life but do want or need the care for all day.
Granted, many parents need full day pre-K and their children would benefit with this option.
As a professor in child development, I only hope that we give parents options and do not use a "one size fits all" mentality. Dedicated parents do know their children the best and we need to respect that.
Bobbie Gibson Warash